People generally handle and deal with currency notes vertically rather than horizontally. People ‘tell’ (count) the notes, holding the bundle vertically. They tend to hold an open wallet or purse vertically while searching for notes. Most people hand over notes to one-another vertically rather than horizontally, especially when making purchases. All machines like Automated Teller Machines (ATM), vending machines, etc accept notes vertically. Thus it appears that vertical note makes more sense. Bermuda, Brazil, Cape Verde, Israel, Switzerland, and Venezuela have adopted vertically oriented currency and now Canada has also joined them by issuing a vertically oriented $10 note. Early Chinese banknotes were also vertical, due to the direction of Chinese writing.
Many countries have different colors for their notes as it is one of the best ways to distinguish one note from another. USA issues only green backs which traces its history to 1861, when US government issued paper money as a means of financing the American Civil War. The backside of these notes were printed with green ink as an anti-counterfeiting measure. Green colour was chosen to avoid photographic duplicates, since the cameras of the time could only take black and white pictures. Thus these notes came to be known as ‘Greenbacks.’ In order to cut down on manufacturing costs, US government shrunk the size of all paper money and instituted standardised designs for each denomination, which made it easier for people to tell real bills from fakes. The small-sized bills continued to be printed with green ink because green ink was plentiful and durable and green colour was associated with stability.
Various images on the notes relate to the value of each note. These images depict the history of the nation, its culture, its important personalities, historical events, national achievements, monuments etc, to be educational, for its citizens and also for the others handling the currency.
On 08 March 2018, on the International Women’s Day, Canadian Finance Minister Bill Morneau and Bank of Canada Governor Stephen S Poloz unveiled the new $10 bank note featuring Viola Desmond. It was the first time that an iconic Canadian woman is portrayed on a regularly circulating Bank of Canada note. She became the first black person and the first non-royal woman ever to appear on regularly circulating Canadian notes. Please click here to read about my earlier post ‘Canadian Woman on Banknote.’
The note also features the Canadian Museum for Human Rights—the first museum in the world solely dedicated to the evolution, celebration and future of human rights. Also depicted on the note are an eagle feather—representing the ongoing journey toward recognising rights and freedoms for Indigenous Peoples in Canada—and an excerpt from the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
This new $10 note is the first vertically oriented bank note issued in Canada. This will allow for a more prominent image of Viola Desmond and differentiates this new $10 note from the current polymer notes.
Viola Desmond was selected for the new $10 bank note by Minister Morneau following an open call to Canadians to nominate an iconic Canadian woman for the next redesigned bank note. A successful Black Nova Scotian businesswoman, Desmond is often described as Canada’s Rosa Parks after she refused to leave her seat in the ‘whites only’ section at the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, in 1946.
Desmond, then aged 32, was dragged out of the theatre by police and jailed. The civil rights activist was convicted of defrauding the province of a one-penny tax — the difference in tax between a downstairs and upstairs ticket.
Segregation was legally ended in Nova Scotia in 1954, in part because of the publicity generated by Desmond’s case. Desmond died in 1965. The province of Nova Scotia apologised to her posthumously, 45 years later.